Top Page | English | 简体中文 | 繁體中文 | 한국어 | 日本語
Thursday, 2 August 2018, 23:00 HKT/SGT
Share:
    

Source: Pertanika Journal
Indonesian Sufism rejects radical Islam
Certain aspects of an indigenous Sufi culture in Western Indonesia appear to protect it against radical Islamic ideology.

Selangor, Malaysia, Aug 2, 2018 - (ACN Newswire) - The Minangkabau people in Indonesia's West Sumatra practice a unique blend of culture and religion that could be making them more resistant than others to Islamic radicalism, according to a study published in the Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities. Understanding what gives these people their resilience could help combat radicalism elsewhere.

The Minangkabau are the largest ethnic group on Indonesia's island of Sumatra. They are the world's largest matrilineal society, where children take their mother's name, property is inherited by daughters, and the family home is formed of women, with husbands merely given visiting rights.

Traditionally, the Minangkabau are animists, believing that living and inanimate objects and places all possess an element of spirituality. The culture also absorbed elements of Hinduism and Buddhism. When Islam arrived in West Sumatra in the 16th Century, the Minangkabau merged it into their existing culture rather than wholly replacing their long-standing traditions.

Welhendri Azwar of The State Islamic University of Imam Bonjol Padang in West Sumatra says radicalism does not develop in the province because the local communities possess a self-defense mechanism rooted in their form of Sufi Islam. The Minangkabau's 'Tariqa' culture places emphasis on developing an inner spiritual experience that is then reinforced by following the teachings of Islamic Shariah law.

Azwar reviewed the literature on Minangkabau's unique form of Islam and conducted focus groups and individual interviews to gain an in-depth understanding of this culture's resilience against radicalism.

He found that the peaceful and pacifist Minangkabau Tariqa culture rejects violence and aggressive means of imposing ideology. Their strong attachments to local traditions and culture mean that they do not accept having their varied customs criticized by hardliners. Instead, they practice the parable: "Do not fight violence with violence, but welcome violence with friendliness."

The Minangkabau's form of Islam also gives lots of room for open interpretation of religious text. This means that the rigid interpretations imposed by radical Muslims fail to gain a foothold amongst local communities.

The Tariqa Sufi culture is largely based on the presence of a teacher who has students or followers. Tariqa teachers are known for their strong charismatic characters, with their students showing them respect and allegiance. The teachers thus have very strong standings within the community, with the Minangkabau basing many of their decisions on what they are told by their teachers. This keeps the Tariqa culture strong and resilient to outsider influence.

"This study highlights that combating radicalism in religion does not necessarily need a legal approach," writes Azwar. "It can be done through local wisdom; i.e. the potential and strength that exist in society can be harnessed to counter radicalism... The power of naturally formed 'immunity' arising from society can more effectively control and dampen, even kill, various forms of violence and ideology," Azwar concludes.

For more information about each research, please contact:
Welhendri Azwar
Department of Islamic Community Development
Faculty of Da'wah and Communication
The State Islamic University of Imam Bonjol Padang
West Sumatra, Indonesia
Email: welhendri_azwar@yahoo.co.id

About Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities (JSSH)
Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities (JSSH) is published by Universiti Putra Malaysia in English and is open to authors around the world regardless of nationality. It is published four times a year in March, June, September and December. Other Pertanika series include Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science (JTAS), and Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology (JST).

JSSH aims to develop as a pioneer journal for the social sciences with a focus on emerging issues pertaining to the social and behavioural sciences as well as the humanities. Areas relevant to the scope of the journal include Social Sciences - Accounting, anthropology, Archaeology and history, Architecture and habitat, Consumer and family economics, Economics, Education, Finance, Geography, Law, Management studies, Media and communication studies, Political sciences and public policy, Population studies, Psychology, Sociology, Technology management, Tourism; Humanities - Arts and culture, Dance, Historical and civilisation studies, Language and Linguistics, Literature, Music, Philosophy, Religious studies, Sports.

The journal publishes original academic articles dealing with research on issues of worldwide relevance. The journals cater for scientists, professors, researchers, post-docs, scholars and students who wish to promote and communicate advances in the fields of Social Sciences & Humanities research.

For more information about the journal, contact:
The Chief Executive Editor (UPM Journals)
Head, Journal Division, UPM Press
Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor (R&I)
IDEA Tower 2, UPM-MDTC Technology Centre
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 Serdang, Selangor
Malaysia.
Phone: +603 8947 1622 | +6016 217 4050
Email: nayan@upm.my

Date of Release: 2 August 2018.

Acknowledgements
The Chief Executive Editor, UPM Journals

Pertanika Journals website: http://www.pertanika.upm.edu.my/
Research paper: https://bit.ly/2MfBA2C

Press release distributed by ResearchSEA for Pertanika Journal.


Aug 2, 2018 23:00 HKT/SGT
Topic: Press release summary
Sectors: Science & Research, Daily News
http://www.acnnewswire.com
From the Asia Corporate News Network


Copyright © 2018 ACN Newswire. All rights reserved. A division of Asia Corporate News Network.


Multimedia
Minangkabau communities in Indonesia's West Sumatra, such as Pariangan village (pictured), appear more resistant than others to Islamic radicalism because of their unique blend of traditional culture and form of Sufi Islam. (Copyright: Michael J. Lowe/Wikimedia Commons)
View Image
 
The Minangkabau are the largest ethnic group on Indonesia's island of Sumatra. (Olive colored region) (Copyright: National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta/Wikimedia Commons)
View Image
 

Pertanika Journal
Aug 13, 2018 18:00 HKT/SGT
Too hot for rice?
Aug 1, 2018 09:00 HKT/SGT
Anti-ulcer benefits of honey investigated
June 20, 2018 10:00 HKT/SGT
Blood vessel-forming cells involved in aggressive brain tumour
Feb 19, 2018 23:00 HKT/SGT
Tracking Ocean Salinity from Space using Colour
Feb 9, 2018 20:00 HKT/SGT
Rolling in it: Dung Beetles' Taste Preferences Uncovered
Feb 7, 2018 20:00 HKT/SGT
Innovation as the Key to Hotels' Survival
Sept 20, 2017 18:00 HKT/SGT
Maximizing depression treatments with behavioural therapy
Sept 15, 2017 03:33 HKT/SGT
Mirror, mirror: what should I wear?
Sept 11, 2017 19:00 HKT/SGT
Fermenting fish to reduce cholesterol
Aug 5, 2017 00:00 HKT/SGT
Mangroves vital for environmental decontamination
More news >>
 News Alerts
Copyright © 2018 ACN Newswire - Asia Corporate News Network
Home | About us | Services | Partners | Events | Login | Contact us | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | RSS
US: +1 800 291 0906 | Beijing: +86 10 8405 3688 | Hong Kong: +852 2217 2912 | Singapore: +65 6304 8926 | Tokyo: +81 3 6721 7212

Connect With us: